國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Map and list of the Ichinomiya

Information about the shrines can be accessed either by clicking on the shrine in the list below or on the corresponding number matched to its location on the map.
Kamowakeikazuchi Jinja Kamomioya Jinja Ōmiwa Jinja Sumiyoshi Taisha Tsubaki Ōkami Yashiro Tamasaki Jinja Katori Jingū Kashima Jingū Shirayamahime Jinja Keta Taisha Hinokuma / Kunikakasu Jingū Ōasahiko Jinja Tamura Jinja Ōyamazumi Jinja Tosa Jinja Tsuno Jinja Amanotanagao Jinja Watatsumi Jinja

1A. Kamowakeikazuchi Jinja (The 22 Shrines)
1B. Kamomioya Jinja (The 22 Shrines)
 2. Ōmiwa Jinja (The 22 Shrines)
 5. Sumiyoshi Taisha (The 22 Shrines)
7A. Tsubaki Ōkami Yashiro
18. Tamasaki Jinja
19. Katori Jingū
20. Kashima Jingū
31. Shirayamahime Jinja
32. Keta Taisha
52. Hinokuma / Kunikakasu Jingū
54. Ōasahiko Jinja
55. Tamura Jinja
56. Ōyamazumi Jinja
57. Tosa Jinja
64. Tsuno Jinja
67. Ameno Tanagao Jinja
68. Watatsumi Jinja


For further information about the list of Ichinomiya, please click on the follow link.
Nationwide List of Ichinomiya


Introduction of the Ichinomiya

"Ichinomiya" (Encyclopedia of Shinto) is a name that literally means "the first shrine." It was assigned to those shrines that held the highest rank among all the shrines in a given region. It was frequently used in particular to refer to the top-ranked shrine in one of the provinces under the ritsuryō system of governance. Names were later devised for shrines below Ichinomiya such as Ninomiya (second shrine) and Sannomiya (third shrine), indicating the ranking of shrines in a given province. As a result, the term Ichinomiya came to be used as an expression to indicate how high a shrine's status was, along with such concepts as "Nijūnisha (The 22 Shrines)" and Myōjin taisha. Later, there also were instances of shrines located in a smaller area within a province such as a particular region or Gun (district) being referred to just in that area as the Ichinomiya. Given that the very name Ichinomiya is an expression indicating "the first shrine in the region," there are many cases where the name of that region in which the shrine is the first is placed before the word Ichinomiya with the resulting regional name-plus-Ichinomiya pairing becoming the name of the shrine itself. The Ichinomiya for each province are believed to have been established in the first half of the 12th century. Various theories have been offered as to why a given shrine was selected as the Ichinomiya, along with the background and course of events leading up to this, with many points remaining unclear. The Ichinomiya in each province were established at different times. In some instances, the shrine designated as Ichinomiya changed, and in others multiple shrines were accorded the title. Accordingly, the designations do not seem to have been made as part of some rigid, state-directed system of religious services.

For further information, please click on the follow link.
"Ichinomiya / Sōja" (Encyclopedia of Shinto)
"Myōjin taisha"(Encyclopedia of Shinto)
"Nijūnisha (The 22 Shrines)" (Encyclopedia of Shinto)
"§ The History of Shrines" (Encyclopedia of Shinto)