國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1 7. Concepts and Doctrines
カテゴリー2 Basic Terms
Title
Text "The Entire Earth under One Roof." This phrase, coined in modern times, is based on a line from the prayer of the first (legendary) Emperor Jinmu (prior to his enthronement) at the founding of the imperial city of Kashihara: "Will it not be well to have capital developed so as to embrace the six cardinal points and the eight cords covered so as to form a single roof?" Hakkō ("eight cords") appears in the Huainanzi, a collection of essays from China's early Han Dynasty, and refers to the four cardinal directions and the four directions which means "the whole world under heaven." Ichiu means "under the roof of one house." Thus the whole phrase means "The Entire Earth under One Roof." Originally, the concept probably reflected a peaceful conception of the nation and the worldview (sekaikan) of the Japanese, but during World War II it came to be a widely used slogan in reference to the Japanese military's overseas advances. For this reason, the Occupation forces of the postwar period forbade it.
— Fukui Yoshihiko
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