國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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詳細表示 (Complete Article)

カテゴリー1 3. Institutions and Administrative Practices
カテゴリー2 Modern and Contemporary
Title
Text A bureau within the Home Ministry between 1877 and 1900. October 11, 1877 saw the abolition of the Ministry of Religious Education (Kyōbushō), which until then had overseen the administration of Shinto and Buddhism. On the nineteenth day of that month, the new Bureau for Shrines and Temples was created within the Home Ministry and charged with the administration of shrines, temples, and Shintō sects. In 1886 the Bureau was divided into a shrine section and a temple section, thus clarifying an administrative distinction between shrines and Shintō related sects on the one hand and temples on the other. The shrine section took charge, for example, of the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū), national and imperial shrines (kankoku heisha), shrine certificates, kansha, and shōkonsha as well as regulations for Shinto sects. In April of 1900, the administration was overhauled and two new bureaus were created in place of the Shajikyoku: the Shrine Bureau (Jinjakyoku) and the Religions Bureau (Shūkyōkyoku).
— Inoue Nobutaka
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Bureau for Shrines and Temples (Shajikyoku)