國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1 5. Rites and Festivals
カテゴリー2 State Rites
Title
Text A comprehensive term for the four main national holidays of the prewar period: New Years, Kigensetsu, Tenchōsetsu, and Meijisetsu, After the Meiji restoration observances such as shihōhai, chōga, shinnen enkai were amalgamated into a protracted New Year's celebration, to which the newly established holidays of Kigensetsu and Tenchōsetsu were added and celebrated as the "three main holiday seasons," or sandaisetsu. In 1927, a "fourth" national holiday called Meijisetsu was added to commemorate the Meiji Emperor's birthday on November 3. Thereafter, the major national holidays became commonly known as shidaisetsu, or the "four major seasonal holidays (setsu)," though no term ending in "setsu" was used to designate New Year observances.
— Sakamoto Koremaru
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Shidaisetsu