國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1 5. Rites and Festivals
カテゴリー2 State Rites
Title
Text A rite conducted in ancient times during the fourth month at the Isagawa Shrine, a subshrine of the Ōmiwa Jinja. A rite of the Ritsuryō ritual system, which appears in the Jingiryō. The name is said to derive from the saigusa flower (a mountain lily; or perhaps ikarigusa or the koshō tree), used in the ritual to decorate barrels of sake. According to the Engishiki, the Jingikan made offerings to the hafuribe of the Isagawa Shrine in exchange for having the rite performed there. The origins and significance of the rite are unclear, but the emphasis on sake in its performance seems to indicate a connection with the Ōmiwa Shrine and the Ōmiwa clan. The rite required the participation of the clan head and was not performed when clan leadership was unclear. Recorded as "minor" in Engishiki, the rite seems to have been abolished during the Nara period, as a result of the decline of the Ōmiwa clan. The observance referred to in later documents as the "Isagawa Festival" Isagawasai is probably not the same as the Saigusa no matsuri although the two are often conflated.
— Namiki Kazuko
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Saigusa no matsuri