國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

Main Menu:    Foreword    ≫Guide to Usage   ≫ Contributors & Translators   
Links:    Images of Shinto: A Beginner's Pictorial Guide   

詳細表示 (Complete Article)

カテゴリー1 5. Rites and Festivals
カテゴリー2 Rites of the Ise Shrines
Title
Text A celebration at the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) in which sacred food is offered twice daily, in the morning and evening, to Amaterasu Ōmikami and other deities. Also referred to as the regular sacred offering (jōten mike), this celebration corresponds to the daily offering (Onikku) ceremony conducted at ordinary shrines. In response to a dream revelation from Amaterasu Ōmikami during Emperor Yūryaku's reign, Toyouke Ōmikami was moved from the Tanba Province to the Ise Shrine as the tutelary deity of foodstuffs (miketsu kami). Based on this origin narratives, "deity seats" (shinza) for Amaterasu Ōmikami, Toyouke Ōmikami, and "the deity enshrined in a subordinate altar in the same honden" (aidono no kami) were placed in the Outer Shrine's Sacred Dining Hall (Mikeden), which was built in an old architectural style with  "log storehouse" (ita azekura) walls and steps carved from a single piece of timber (kizami kizahashi). Members of the Watarai priestly clan have traditionally served at the Mikeden as senior priests (negi) who recited norito or as children who observed abstinence and took part in ritual services (monoimi). After the Meiji Restoration, shinza were added to auxiliary sanctuaries (betsugū) and senior priests, junior priests (gonnegi), and shrine administrators (gūshō) began serving inside the Mikeden. Although a Meiji reference work for ritual procedures at the Ise Shrines (Jingū Meiji saishiki) did not designate this ceremony as a "festival", the later Regulations on Ritual Observances at Ise (Jingū saishirei) categorized it as a "medium festival" (chūsai), referring to it as the Higotoasayū ōmikesai. Whereas other Ōmike ceremonies take place in front of the main sanctuary (shōden) building, this celebration is unique in being performed as "distant worship" (yōhai) from inside the Mikeden.
— Nakanishi Masayuki
クリックすると音声を再生します

Hi-goto-asa-yū ō-mike-sai