國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1 5. Rites and Festivals
カテゴリー2 State Rites
Title
Text A major rite of the Ise Shrines, performed only at Kōtaijingū and Aramatsuri no Miya, during which either garments (mi-so) of light weave (nigitae) or of heavy weave (aratae) are offered to the kami on the fourteenth day of the fifth (May) and tenth (October) months, respectively—the appointed days for switching garments in accordance with the changing seasons. This ritual has a long history dating to the founding of the shrines. The Jingiryō lists it as a national ritual for the beginning of the summer and the end of the autumn seasons, and the Daijingū shiki puts the Jingikan administrators (kanbe) known as the kanhatori (lit "weaver of the sacred cloth") and kan'omi (spinner of the sacred linen-thread) in charge of the weavers, detailing the procedures to be followed in the cloth-offering—down to the specific type and quantity of different kinds of material to be used. Most elements of the rite died out around the tenth century, except for the Misakaki ritual, but in 1699 it underwent a partial revival (along with the Kinensai) leading to the rebuilding of the Weaving Hall (hatadono). The ritual was revived to the extent of presenting offerings, though it did not involve weaving until 1874, when it once again became dictated by the stipulations set forth in the Daijingū shiki. In 1900, it was fully revived, and in addition to the dictates about the type and quantity of clothing, prescriptions contained in the Engishiki, such as how to ornament the shira suzushi (white gossamer) and shiro asa nuno (white linen) with tama-no-o (beaded thread) and itobari (needle and thread), were also followed . Today, on the first day of the month of a kanmisosai, the local people of Matsuzaka City offer up nigite made in the Kanhatori Weaving Hall and aratae made in the Kan'omi Weaving Hall in a ceremony called Hōshoku Hajime sai. After performing Hōshoku chinsha sai on the thirteenth day of that month, priests take the cloth to the Inner Shrine, and it is offered to the kami on the fourteenth day.
— Nakanishi Masayuki
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Kanmisosai