國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities
カテゴリー2 Personalities
Title
proc (1663-1733)
Text Mid-Edo period scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) and samurai retainer of Owari Nagoya Domain (in present-day Aichi Prefecture). His style was Shiken, his common name was Jibu, and he used the epistolary name Hakuka. The son of town magistrate Amano Nobuyuki, Sadakage inherited the family estate upon his father's death, and in 1684 was promoted to the rank of yoriai, and later served as the head of a company of musketeers. In 1698 he was ordered by domainal lord Tokugawa Tsunamasa to work alongside the mid-Edo period Shintoist Yoshimi Yoshikazu (1673-1761) and others to compile the Owari fudoki (Owari Gazetteer), and by virtue of this experience gained expertise in the methods of gathering empirical data. After this he embarked on studies of Shinto, Buddhism, and Confucianism, as well as Japanese history, geography, literature, herbal medicine and astronomy, approaching these subjects from the perspective of empirical observation and producing a large number of written works. His oeuvre of over fifty works includes Shiojiri, a collection of what might be called empirical essays, and which Motoori Norinaga (1730-1801), Tanigawa Kotosuga (1704-76), and other scholars held in high esteem.
Sadakage fell ill in his later years and retired from scholarship. In 1730 he took the tonsure, from which time he took the Buddhist clerical name Shin Amida Butsu. He died on the eighth day of the ninth month of 1733 at the age of seventy-one. His works concerning Shinto include Jingi jujuden, Jindaikan kikigaki, Atsuta Jinja mondō, Gozu Tennō bensaishi zakkō, Yamatohime kikōi,Owari gosha ryakki, and Bokushiben, among others.

-Yazaki Hiroyuki
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Amano Sadakage