國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1 4. Jinja (Shrines)
カテゴリー2 Ritual Implements and Vestments
Title
Text Also read shioyu, entō is liquid made by dissolving rock salt in water. It is used in the preparatory purifications (shubatsu) preceding ritual worship. Salt water is considered an indispensable element in the performance of ground-purification (jichinsai) and other rites. Customarily entō is placed atop the ritual platform (an) along with the ritual purification wand (ōnusa). From ancient times salt water has been used for purposes of purification, as seen in a passage from the early ninth century Kōtai Jingū gishikichō that includes the expression, "after purifying with salt water, the offering is presented to the divine storehouse."
     According to the rules for ritual procedure established by the Association of Shintō Shrines (Jinja Honchō), a purification rite (harae) is performed by holding a sprig of the sacred evergreen sakaki tree in the right hand, dipping it into a bowl of salt water held in the left hand, then shaking it to the left, to the right, and to the left again. The vessel in which the salt water is held is called the entōki.
— Inoue Nobutaka
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Entō