國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1 4. Jinja (Shrines)
カテゴリー2 Objects of Worship and Shrine Treasures
Title
Text A physical object serving as an object of worship at shrines, and in which the spirit of the kami is believed to reside. Those used in Shrine Shinto (Jinja Shintō) are frequently called mitamashiro. Shintai typically take the form of mirrors, swords, and jewels, although ritual wands (gohei) and sculptures of kami (shinzō) are also used, and in some cases natural objects such as stones, mountains, and waterfalls may also serve as shintai. The term shintai has been used since the mid-Heian period and is found in such works as Iroha jirui kagami and Shaku Nihongi. Related terms include kami no mikata, found in the Saikaidō fudoki itsubun (extant excerpts of ancient gazetteers from the western provinces), and mikatachi, found in Kōtai Jingū gishikichō. The terms shōtai and gyotai were also used as synonyms in the medieval work Hyakurenshō.
— Shimazu Norifumi
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Shintai