國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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カテゴリー1 4. Jinja (Shrines)
カテゴリー2 Objects of Worship and Shrine Treasures
Title
Text Also read kamudakara, a general name for shrine treasures, but also referring more specifically to objects found in a shrine's inner sanctum and intimately related to the enshrined kami (saijin), or to those objects that are renewed on the occasion of the shrine's rebuilding, such as decorations or implements used by the kami. Ancient works also refer to divine treasures by the terms shinmotsu or shinzai. According to Sendai kuji hongi, the origin of shinpō lies in the "ten-fold divine treasures" (amatsushirushi mizutakara tokusa, or tokusa no kamudakara) brought by the kami Nigihayahi no mikoto when he descended from the "Plain of High Heaven" (Takamanohara). In the ancient period, these "divine treasures" were not only valued as symbols of clan authority, but they were also closely related to clan ritual, as suggested by the examples of the "three divine treasures" (sanshū no shinki) in Kojiki and Nihongi, and the "two divine treasures" (nishu shinpō or futakusa no kamudakara) seen in Kogoshūi. In the late Nara and early Heian periods (8th and 9th centuries), ritual was consolidated by the state, and thereafter, the court dedicated shrine treasures on a variety of occasions, including the initial establishment and reconstruction of shrines, the Regular Removal of the Grand Shrines of Ise (shikinen sengū), imperial enthronement rites (treasures used only once per imperial reign were called daijinpō), the spring festival of kinensai, and on the occasion of other special offerings. Among these, the offerings on the occasion of the Regular Removal of the Grand Shrines of Ise were particularly impressive in scale and variety, and the events surrounding the dedication of these offerings are widely known even today. See also tokusa no kamudakara.
— Okada Yoshiyuki
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