國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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Title Text
1 1. Ancient Shinto (1) Because Shinto is regarded as a natural or ethnic religion, its origins cannot be clearly specified. Rather, it must be considered a religion that was nurtured over a long history. Kami worship (jingi saishi
2 1. Ancient Shinto (2) Kami Rites under the Ritsuryō System— With the establishment of the Ritsuryō system of legal codes from the latter half of the seventh century, Shinto ritual gradually became systematized. The two m
3 1. History (Antiquity) Research Empirical Research— If we adhere to the broad definition, Shintō is a religious practice or a life style and doctrine that is based in the indigenous concept of the kami. Due to the fact that the
4 2. History (Middle Ages) Research We encounter very difficult problems related to the history of medieval Shintō when we try to comprehend the Middle Ages as a time of jinbutsu shūgō (the fusion of kami and Buddha). The problem is wh
5 2. Medieval Shinto When compared with the ancient period, the history of Shinto in the medieval period underwent a variety of changes. It is possible to identify the origins of medieval Shinto thought and institutions
6 3. History (Early Modern) Research Historical studies of early modern Shinto have been undertaken from the perspectives of political history, socio-economic history, intellectual history, and the history of the ordinary people (minshūshi
7 3. Shinto in the Early Modern Period (1) When considering the history of Shintō in Japan's early modern period, one needs to understand the stance the bakufu adopted toward shrines and the numerous new trends that produced. The Tokugawa bak
8 3. Shinto in the Early Modern Period (2) From Buddhistic Shintō to Confucian Shintō — One of the most conspicuous features of early modern Shintō is the shift from the prominence of Ryōbu Shintō, Sannō Shintō, and other related philosophie
9 4. History (Modern) Research The history of civilization and Shintō The "history of civilization" (bunmei shigaku) that was introduced to Japan in the early Meiji Era assumed a historical progression from a state of primitivi
10 4. Modern and Contemporary Shinto Two Transformations — Shintō experienced enormous changes entering the modern period. We can broadly sort out these changes into two categories. The first may be best understood as emerging from the
11 5. History (Contemporary) Research Murakami Shigeyoshi's Research on State Shintō The research on state Shintō begun by Murakami Shigeyoshi with his 'religious studies' approach, and inherited by scholars such as Nakajima Michio, M
12 A Brief Chronological Table of Shinto History A Brief Chronological Table of Shinto History. This table is beta version (as of 2013.5.15), and still is under development.
13 A Kami by any other Name It is widely known that Shinto is counted among the world's polytheistic religions, but each Shinto kami also bears multiple names, making their stories harder to untangle. Originally, in the Kojiki a
14 A Shinto Patriarch's Confrontation with Saint Nikolai Kasatkin The promotion of the organization of Shinto into sects (kyōha Shinto) during the Meiji period was in part a measure taken against the rising influence of Christianity. With the ongoing influx of missi
15 A comparison of Kami names in Kojiki and Nihon Shoki
16 Abe no Seimei  Mid-Heian-period master of on'myōdō and founder of the Tsuchimikado clan. Generally believed to have been born in the province of Sanuki (present-day Kagawa Prefecture), and purported to have been th
17 Agata matsuri The main annual festival (reisai) of Agata Shrine, in Uji City, Kyoto Prefecture held around June 5 (originally, the fifth day of the fifth month of the lunar calendar). The festival begins on the fi
18 Ageuma shinji "Sacred horse rite". Performed at the Tado Shrine on May 4 and 5 at Tado Jinja in Tado-chō, Kuwana-gun, Mie prefecture, the rite takes its name from the tradition of having horses run up the steep sl
19 Aidono A structure enshrining multiple kami in addition to the principal object of worship (shushin). In some cases, the term aidono is used even when all jointly enshrined kami are considered principal obje
20 Aikokushin A compound word that refers to having attachment to one's nation and perceiving one's destiny as identical to that of the nation. The word has taken root as a translation of the word "patriotism." Th