國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

Main Menu:    Foreword    ≫Guide to Usage   ≫ Contributors & Translators   
Links:    Images of Shinto: A Beginner's Pictorial Guide   

検索結果一覧(Search Results) 【表示切替】

  • カテゴリー1:
  • 2. Kami (Deities)
  • ,
  • カテゴリー2:
  • Kami in Folk Religion

Title Text
1 Chinjugami A kami acting as a tutelary of a circumscribed geographical region or area of land. Believed to have originated with the qié-lán-shen (Jp. garanjin), tutelary deities of temple compounds in China, the
2 Daikokuten One of the "seven deities of good fortune" (shichifukujin), Daikokuten is most commonly seen carrying a "wealth-pounding" wooden mallet in his right hand, holding a treasure sack over his left shoulde
3 Daikunokami A generic term for kami worshiped by woodworkers and carpenters (daiku). One of the typical figures worshiped by carpenters in the Kyoto and eastern Japan regions is the seventh-century imperial regen
4 Dōsojin "Tutelary of roads," a generic name for a kami often found dedicated at village borders and intersections as a guard against noxious spirits and evil kami that bring pestilence and disasters to the lo
5 Ebisu Together with Daikoku, one of the most popular and well known of the "seven deities of good fortune" (shichifukujin). The opulent image of this kami holding a fishing pole or a sea bream is known inti
6 Gyogyōshin A general term for tutelaries of fishing invoked by fishermen in hopes of abundant catches and safety on the seas. A wide variety of kami serve as the centers of cults to fishing deities, including funadama
7 Hinokami "Kami of fire," a kami with dominion over the nature and use of fire. According to the Kojiki and Nihongi, the kami called Homusubi or Kagutsuchi was the original kami of fire, and this kami became th
8 Hōsōgami "Smallpox kami," a kami believed responsible for the spread of epidemics of smallpox (hōsō). Alternately, a tutelary of smallpox with the power to prevent such epidemics. The first smallpox innocu
9 Ichinokami Tutelary kami of the marketplace, believed to protect trade and marketplace order and to bring prosperity. Also known as Ichihime. No specific kami originally existed as an object of worship (saijin
10 Ienokami "Kami of the home." In general, any kami acting as a tutelary of and bringing prosperity to the home. A wide variety of kami are enshrined (see saijin) in the role of "kami of the home," however, maki
11 Ikigami A person either worshipped while alive as a kami, or revered for his or her exemplary "kami-like" existence. Venerated for their remarkable power and charisma, individuals worshiped as living kami are
12 Jinushigami "Land-master-kami," a tutelary of an area of land. Also known as jigami, tochigami, chi no kami (or ji no kami), and jinushisama. Land tutelary kami have been enshrined since ancient times, as evidenc
13 Kajishin A kami of smithing and of metal forging enshrined by people who work in those industries. In premodern times, blacksmiths (kaji) included both those living sedentary lives in towns, and those who, tog
14 Kamadogami "Kami of the oven." A household tutelary enshrined at the cooking stove, fireplace, or other place within the home where fires are normally tended, and generally considered to be the "kami of fire" (hi no kami
15 Kazenokami "kami of wind," also known as fūjin. Japan's geographic setting, in an area exposed to strong seasonal winds, makes the wind an important factor in everyday life, farming, and maritime industries. As
16 Konjin "Tutelary of metal," an itinerant kami originating within the cult of Onmyōdō (Yin-Yang divination), associated with varying compass directions in space, and believed to change position in accordance
17 Koyasugami A tutelary of pregnancy, safe childbirth, and the healthy growth and development of children. According to the ancient historical work Sandai jitsuroku, a shrine called Koyasu Jinja was found in the p
18 Mikumarinokami "Water-dividing kami," tutelaries of the allocation of running water. The root kumari possesses the same significance as the modern kubari (allocate, distribute), and mi is an abbreviated form of mizu
19 Oni A misshapen supernatural demon or devil visiting this world from the other world, bringing with it disaster or blessing. Due to their fearful spiritual power, oni were considered ambivalent beings pos
20 Oshirasama A tutelary of the home (ie no kami) found throughout Japan's northeastern region; also referred to as Oshirabotoke ("the Oshira Buddha"). Although Oshirasama is commonly viewed as a tutelary of agricu