國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • Medieval and Early Modern Schools

Title Text
1 Bukka Shintō A general term referring to the various forms of Shintō developed by Buddhist thinkers. Also known as Bukke Shintō, the term refers generally to Shintō doctrines combining Buddhist and Shintō elements
2 Fukko Shintō "Restoration Shinto," also known as "Pure Shinto" (Jun Shintō), "Ancient-Way Shinto" (Kodō Shintō), "Nativist Shintō" (Kokugaku Shintō), and "Shintō Fukkoha" (the Shintō Restoration Faction). This ter
3 Goryū Shintō A Shinto teaching belonging to the broader tradition of Ryōbu Shintō. "Goryū" originally referred to the Buddhist Dharma lineage of retired sovereigns and other retired members of the imperial house.
4 Hakke Shintō The Shintō tradition transmitted by the Shirakawa Hakuō House, traditionally in charge of the post of superintendent (haku or kami) of the Ministry of Deities (Jingikan). Also called Shirakawa Shintō.
5 Hokke Shintō Shinto doctrines promoted by the Nichiren sect of Buddhism. From the time of its founder, the Nichiren sect has been very active in incorporating kami cults within its own system. Its Shinto doctrines
6 Inbe Shintō One lineage of Shinto. Transmitted by the Inbe clan and commonly held to have been advocated by Inbe Masamichi (n.d.). Claiming Futodama as its ancestral patriarch, the ancient Inbe clan is said to ha
7 Ise Shintō A branch or school of Shinto teachings transmitted by priests of the Watarai clan at the Outer Shrine (Gekū) of the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū). Since most of the promoters were clan members (uchibito
8 Jingidōke A collective term for lineages engaging in Shinto as their traditional house occupation. In the early period, these included the jingi clans (jingi shizoku), namely, clans connected to the Jingikan su
9 Juka Shintō Teachings on Shinto as expounded by Japanese Confucianists. These teachings claim the unity of Shinto and Confucianism, or represent amalgamations of the two. With the rise to prominence of Confuciani
10 Jūhachi Shintō The principles of Yoshida Shintō expounded by Yoshida Kanetomo, as found in his principal work Essentials of Prime Shinto (Yuiitsu Shintō myōbō yōshū). Kanetomo divided Shinto into the categories of s
11 Kaden Shintō The Shinto transmitted by a particular house or lineage. As this is mainly to be seen in the houses of hereditary Shinto priests, known as shinshokuke or shake, it is also called shake Shintō (or shaden Shintō
12 Kikke Shintō The Shinto teachings transmitted by the Tachibana clan, said to have originated with Tachibana Moroe (684-787), but in fact likely organized only after the beginning of the Edo period. Kikke Shinto be
13 Miwa-ryū Shintō A form of Shinto belonging to the tradition of Ryōbu Shintō that developed primarily at Byōdōji and Ōgorinji (Ōmiwadera), temples serving as the "parish temples" (jingūji) of Ōmiwa Shrine in Nara Pref
14 Mononobe Shintō A form of Shinto based on the text Sendai kuji hongi taiseikyō. This text exists in two versions, composed of thirty-one and seventy-two fascicles, respectively, although the date and purpose of its c
15 Reisō Shintō A form of Buddhist Shintō (Bukka Shintō). This doctrine was created in the Edo period by Chōon Dō kai (1628-1695) and further developed by Jōin (1683-1739). The origin of the term reisō ("spiritual so
16 Ritō Shinchi Shintō Shintō doctrine established by the early Edo period Confucian scholar Hayashi Razan (1583-1657). Razan was the only Confucian scholar officially employed by the Tokugawa government. Later in his life
17 Ryōbu Shintō A general term referring to Shintō doctrines derived from Shingon esoteric Buddhism. These doctrines associate the Inner Shrine of Ise with Dainichi of the Womb Realm (taizōkai) and the Outer Shrine w
18 Sannō Shintō A branch of Shinto that took shape in the Tendai sect, based on the cult of the Mountain King (Sannō) at the Hiyoshi Taisha (alt., Hie Taisha), tutelary shrine (chinjusha) for the temple Enryakuji. It
19 Shugendō Shugendō is a religion that espouses a variety of salvific activities based on the attainment by its practitioners, called shugen, of supranormal, magico-religious power through ascetic training in th
20 Suika Shintō The form of Shinto advocated by Yamazaki Ansai, a Confucian-Shintoist (see Juka Shintō) of the early Edo period. Suika Shintō was a form of Confucianist Shintō that attempted to compiled all Shinto th