國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • 7. Concepts and Doctrines
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  • Research on Shinto

Title Text
1 1. History (Antiquity) Research Empirical Research— If we adhere to the broad definition, Shintō is a religious practice or a life style and doctrine that is based in the indigenous concept of the kami. Due to the fact that the
2 2. History (Middle Ages) Research We encounter very difficult problems related to the history of medieval Shintō when we try to comprehend the Middle Ages as a time of jinbutsu shūgō (the fusion of kami and Buddha). The problem is wh
3 3. History (Early Modern) Research Historical studies of early modern Shinto have been undertaken from the perspectives of political history, socio-economic history, intellectual history, and the history of the ordinary people (minshūshi
4 4. History (Modern) Research The history of civilization and Shintō The "history of civilization" (bunmei shigaku) that was introduced to Japan in the early Meiji Era assumed a historical progression from a state of primitivi
5 5. History (Contemporary) Research Murakami Shigeyoshi's Research on State Shintō The research on state Shintō begun by Murakami Shigeyoshi with his 'religious studies' approach, and inherited by scholars such as Nakajima Michio, M
6 Anthropological Research Theories of Kingship and Structural Analysis— The theoretical impact of anthropology on Shintō scholarship can be divided into two categories: (1) research on the emperor system based on theories
7 Archaeological Research The archeology of Shintō is a field that focuses on sites and relics relating to rituals, as well as other archeological materials that can shed light on ancient beliefs. As a field of study, Shintō a
8 Folklore Research The establishment of Japanese Ethnology and Shintō ResearchThis research deals primarily with Shintō phenomena observed in the daily lives of people. There has been much scholarly output since the fou
9 Mythological Research The Japanese mythology relevant to the study of Shinto is recorded in classical sources from the Nara and early Heian periods. It is often called Kiki mythology (Kiki shinwa) and refers to the chapter
10 Para-scientific, Psychical or Occult Research on Shinto An area of Shintō research which is not recognized as a scientific approach based on empiricism or rationality. There are numerous branches of this form of investigation, but they can be grouped in tw
11 Religious Research Religious studies of Shintō began in earnest after The Second World War, but before the war some pioneering work can already been seen. The representative of this is Katō Genchi, who in his books Historical Studies in the of Religious Development in Shintō
12 Theological Research The theological approach to Shintō research is claimed by some to be essentially Shintō apologetics, or studies in defense of Shintō beliefs. However, Shintō theology in fact has two aspects. On the o