國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • 7. Concepts and Doctrines
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  • Doctrines and Theories

Title Text
1 Haibutsukishaku This term signifies a particular school of thought that espoused the idea of shunning and expelling Buddhism. It also refers to the historic movement that based on this type of thought eventually dest
2 Han honjisuijakusetsu (Anti-honjisuijaku thought) This term covers a range of theories that were created during the medieval period which argue for the superiority of indigenous kami over Buddhist deities. These theories were voiced in opposition to
3 Honjisuijakusetsu The term honji suijaku refers to the idea that the Buddhist deities provisionally appear as Shinto kami in order to spiritually save sentient beings in Japan. The kami are thus the manifestations (suijaku
4 Kokugaku The common appellation given to a branch of Edo-period scholarship and thought that had the interpretation of Japanese classics and ancient literature as its subject. At times it also displayed a disc
5 Mitogaku The term Mitogaku signfies the scholarship and academic traditions that arose in the Mito Domain, one of the Go-Sanke (the three highest ranking branches of the Tokugawa clan) of the Edo period. This
6 Sansha takusen (var. Sanja takusen) Oracles (takusen) of the three deities Tenshō-kōtaijingū (Amaterasu), Hachiman Daibosatsu, and Kasuga Daimyōjin that circulated widely from the middle ages until the early modern period. This term als
7 Shinkokugaku "New kokugaku." A movement for the revival and rebirth of kokugaku in the modern period. The term refers in particular to the discipline of folklore-based studies of Japanese culture, as advocated in
8 Shinkokushisō According to this line of thinking, Japan was created by its native kami and its divine creators conferred upon it a special protection. This notion was not originally a chauvinistic one. However, the
9 Sonnōshisō The idea of sonnō signified reverence for the ruling monarchy of a state or realm. In ancient China, Confucius (551-479 BC) venerated the then-defunct court of Zhou. He called for the orderly unificat
10 The Unity of Shintō, Confucianism and Bhuddism The notion of shinjubutsu itchi held that Shinto, Confucianism and Buddhism are ultimately identical. Ideas of the one-ness of Shinto, Confucianism and Buddhism saw their greatest expansion during the