國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • 7. Concepts and Doctrines
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  • Basic Concepts

Title Text
1 Concepts of Emperor and the State The origins of Japan as a nation, the imperial system (tennō-sei ) and rice culture are inseparable and date back to the Yayoi period. The term tennō (emperor) first appears in the Chinese Tang Perio
2 Concepts of History (rekishikan) How Shinto views the origins of this world, which includes human beings, and the changes that occur with the passage of time, is best evidenced in the myths contained in Kojiki, and this view grounde
3 Concepts of Humanity (Ningenkan) The word jinkan (人間)means the world, and in Japanese, when read as ningen it is used to indicate a person. The term ningen indicates that a human being is a physical space inhabited by a spirit. Kojiki
4 Concepts of the Spirit (reikonkan) The diversity of theories concerning the concept of spirit in Shinto makes it impossible to propose any single definition. From a Shinto perspective, there is no agreement on where people's spirits g
5 Cosmology The concept (kan) of the universe (uchū) originated in Daoism and the philosophy of Laozi and Zhuangzi. and is written with two graphs. The first character refers to the spatial dimension "Heaven and
6 Sekaikan The term sekaikan (worldview) is used with all kinds of meanings; here it will be defined as the unique ways in which specific ethnic or regional groups view their environment and their own position
7 Shinto Edification Contemporary Shinto may be roughly divided into Shrine Shinto, Sect Shinto (Kyōha Shintō), Shinto-affiliated new religions (shintōkei shinshūkyō), and Folk Shinto; the following discussion will focus
8 View of the other world (takaikan) This term refers, in general, to the notion of a space that is different from this real world. It is difficult to clearly distinguish a Shinto view of the Other World from that held by Japanese relig