國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

Main Menu:    Foreword    ≫Guide to Usage   ≫ Contributors & Translators   
Links:    Images of Shinto: A Beginner's Pictorial Guide   

検索結果一覧(Search Results) 【表示切替】

  • カテゴリー1:
  • 7. Concepts and Doctrines

Title Text
1 1. History (Antiquity) Research Empirical Research— If we adhere to the broad definition, Shintō is a religious practice or a life style and doctrine that is based in the indigenous concept of the kami. Due to the fact that the
2 2. History (Middle Ages) Research We encounter very difficult problems related to the history of medieval Shintō when we try to comprehend the Middle Ages as a time of jinbutsu shūgō (the fusion of kami and Buddha). The problem is wh
3 3. History (Early Modern) Research Historical studies of early modern Shinto have been undertaken from the perspectives of political history, socio-economic history, intellectual history, and the history of the ordinary people (minshūshi
4 4. History (Modern) Research The history of civilization and Shintō The "history of civilization" (bunmei shigaku) that was introduced to Japan in the early Meiji Era assumed a historical progression from a state of primitivi
5 5. History (Contemporary) Research Murakami Shigeyoshi's Research on State Shintō The research on state Shintō begun by Murakami Shigeyoshi with his 'religious studies' approach, and inherited by scholars such as Nakajima Michio, M
6 Aikokushin A compound word that refers to having attachment to one's nation and perceiving one's destiny as identical to that of the nation. The word has taken root as a translation of the word "patriotism." Th
7 Akitsumikami Commonly written with the characters 現御神, but other ways of writing this term are the following: 現神, 現為明神, 明神, 明神, and 明御神. All of them are read as akitsumikami. The term is applied to deities who co
8 Amatsu tsumi / Kunitsu tsumi These words occur as a pair in the great purification incantation (ōharae no kotoba) of the Engishiki. Amatsu tsumi are the eight crimes committed by Susanoo that disturbed farming in Takamanohara (t
9 Ame no masuhito This term found in the great purification incantation (oharae kotoba) of the Engishiki uses the people of the nation of Japan as a metaphor to describe how the population of Takamanohara (the Plain o
10 Ametsuchi The word ame refers to the dwelling place of the heavenly deities (amatsukami) beyond the sky. Paired with ame, the term tsuchi means both the ocean and the land. According to Motoori Norinaga, becaus
11 Anthropological Research Theories of Kingship and Structural Analysis— The theoretical impact of anthropology on Shintō scholarship can be divided into two categories: (1) research on the emperor system based on theories
12 Aohitokusa This term is used as a noun to refer to people in the world. It is seen for the first time in Kojiki, where it has the same meaning as jinmin, shomin, and tamikusa (all meaning "the people"). Althoug
13 Arahitogami Another way of writing this term is 荒人神. This is a kami who appears in this world in human form. The word is also used as a term of respect regarding the emperor. As an example of the former usage, i
14 Aramitama This is one of the ways of referring to a spirit (mitama) by its function or inner workings, placing it in opposition to nigimitama. Aramitama is recognized and understood as the ferocious, rough, or
15 Archaeological Research The archeology of Shintō is a field that focuses on sites and relics relating to rituals, as well as other archeological materials that can shed light on ancient beliefs. As a field of study, Shintō a
16 Ashihara no Nakatsukuni This is another word for the country or the location of Japan. Perhaps the term was considered appropriate because the land was damp and covered with reeds (ashi) in ancient times. Examples of other
17 Batsu Sanctions or punishment, chiefly of a religious or ethical nature, taken against someone who has committed a sin (tsumi) or ritual impurity (kegare). The punishment may also term take the form of leg
18 Bunrei Dividing the spirit. The term refers to entreating (kanjō) a deity enshrined in one location to impart the divine presence to another location. The deity of such a branch shrine (bunshi, bunsha, niimi
19 Bunshi A branch shrine. From the main shrine, the resident deity (saijin) may be entreated (kanjō) to impart (bunrei) the divine presence to another location as well, through the construction and dedication
20 Chinkon kishin The terms chinkon and kishin are found in the classics but use of the four-character phrase became common only after a Shintō-derived new religion, Ōmoto, began to use it. Here, chinkon refers to the