國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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Title Text
1 Jinin After the end of the ancient period, and mainly in the case of medieval shrines, this term referred to a member of the kannushi's or gūji (chief priest)'s shrine workers. This was the name for the att
2 This term indicates a group of people holding similar beliefs, but as in the manner of a mutual financing business or loan association, the group is also diverted toward economic goals. The origin of
3 Miyaza The specially empowered festival group in the village concerned with shrine festivities. The words "za" and "zashū" can be seen in historical data from the eleventh century; however, the word miyaza c
4 Oshi Religious functionaries attached to specific shrines and temples who guide visitors (sankei) through that shrine or temple and accommodate them by providing prayer (kitō), lodgings, and the like. They
5 Sendatsu Originally this indicated advanced practitioners of various studies, arts and crafts, and ascetic practices; however, from the end of the Heian period it came to indicate religious practitioners who a
6 Sōdai The name referring to someone who represents other believers. It is used throughout religion, but as it concerns Shinto it is a person other than a priest (shinshoku) who plays the role of a sponsor o
7 Sūkeikai A shrine organization comprising parishoners (ujiko) and devotees from outside the parish (sūkeisha) that is put together to help maintain and build the shrine and perform edification (kyōka, see Shintō Edification
8 Tōya At times of shrine festivals orevents, this term refers to the people who take care of those rituals and events, or it refers to their families. Sometimes just "" is used as designation, and in
9 Ujiko Generally, a group from the land surrounding the areas dedicated to the belief in and worship of one shrine; or, the constituents of that group. Because that shrine's kami is called the ujigami, the c