國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • Divination and Supplication

Title Text
1 Bokusen A method of divination for determining the divine will or foretelling the outcome of an event. Today, bokusen most often signifies divination in general which comprises an extremely complex variety of
2 Fugeki A religious figure that receives the power of a divine spirit and communicates its will (takusen; see Kamigakari Takusen) or summons the spirit of a deceased person who speaks through him or her. A fugeki
3 Gyō Gyō is a category of religious practices that can be found in every religion and can be broadly grouped into spiritual practices and physical practices. Though influenced by the religious practices of
4 Hakushu "Hand clapping," which forms part of proper etiquette for worshipping a deity. Because both hands are first spread open to each side, it is also called "hand opening" (hirade) or "oak hands" (kashiwade
5 Hōnō The dedication of a votive object or the presentation of a performance with the aim of entreating Shinto and Buddhist deities through prayer or of expressing feelings such as gratitude to them. Togeth
6 Junrei, junpai According to idiomatic use, the terms junrei and junpai both refer to a form of "circuit pilgrimage" in which multiple shrines, temples or other religious centers are visited on a single occasion or a
7 Kaichō Lit., "opening the curtain," the temporary special exhibition of images of kami and buddhas, or other shrine and temple treasures that are normally kept hidden. The practice of kaichō can be found as
8 Kamigakari, takusen Kamigakari refers to the possession of a person by a kami or other spirit. It is often followed by takusen, whereby the possessed person serves as a "medium" (yorimashi ) to communicate the divine wil
9 Kayu'ura "Rice-gruel divination" is a type of "divination for the coming year" (toshiura) that was formerly held around the 15th of the first lunar month of the year, koshōgatsu (literally, "little New Year's
10 Kiboku "Tortoise-shell divination" (kiboku) is an oracular method practiced since archaic times, whereby a tortoise shell is heated then the outcome of future events is foretold by interpreting the pattern o
11 Kisei Kisei, also pronounced as kishō, refers to entreating the kami through prayer and has the same meaning as kitō, kigan and kinen, and so forth. According to Shoku Nihongi, for example, one entry (twelf
12 Kishōmon When people form an agreement over a certain matter, they draw up a kishōmon, or "written pledge," to swear to the Shinto and Buddhist deities that they are not falsely representing the truth and will
13 Kitō Kitō are magico-religious invocations of the powers of a wide range of Shintō and Buddhist deities in hope of divine favor or protection. The ritual is also referred to as kinen, kigan, or kisei ; it
14 Kiu, shiu Kiu refers to praying to kami for rainfall and shiu refers to praying to them for the cessation of rain. Since both are rain-related prayers or rituals, "rainmaking" (kiu) and "rain-halting" (shiu) ar
15 Kukatachi The Japanese characters are also read kugatachi. This ritual is a type of trial by divine will used to judge the legitimacy or veracity of a person's claim. After the person about whom there are susp
16 Nukemairi The practice of leaving one's place residence or occupation without permission in order to make pilgrimage (see sankei) to a shrine or temple. The term was applied particularly to the custom of making
17 Ohyakudo Ohyakudo ("one hundred times"), also called hyakudo-mairi ("one-hundred-times pilgrimage"), is a form of pilgrimage to shrines and temples for the purpose of praying to kami and buddhas. The term ohyakudo
18 Okagemairi "Thanks pilgrimages" or "blessing pilgrimages," a term referring to periodic mass pilgrimages to the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) in the Edo period, undertaken against the backdrop of the spread o
19 Saimon Saimon, also pronounced saibun, is a written proclamation that is read to the spirit of one or more kami. In days of old, "imperial proclamations" (senmyō) were also called saimon. At the Grand Shrine
20 Saniwa An abbreviation for sayaniwa, saniwa is commonly regarded as having originally referred to a purified site called saniwa (沙庭) where a deity was worshipped and its "divine message" (takusen) was reveal