國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • 6. Belief and Practice
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  • Folk Religion

Title Text
1 Ebisu shinkō This refers to the cult of Ebisu, a kami of fortune, believed to watch over livelihoods and to bring luck. Since medieval times, Ebisu has been one of the seven gods of good fortune (shichifukujin) an
2 Fukujin shinkō Cultic worship of "deities of good fortune" or "good-luck deities" (fukujin), namely those that respond to human prayers for happiness. It should be noted that the term fukujin is not a proper noun, b
3 Gongen shinkō Belief in the incarnation of a Buddha or bodhisattva for the sake of bringing salvation to all sentient beings. Terms having the same meaning include gonge and kegen. There also arose the idea, as see
4 Goryō shinkō The belief that spiritual beings intimidate society at large with calamity and pestilence and must therefore be appeased in order to restore tranquility and, in turn, to bring about prosperity. To pla
5 Hayarigami Shinkō The faddish worship of kami and buddhas that experience ephemeral popularity based on claims that they provide some concrete benefit or power. The term is sometimes written with characters meaning "mo
6 Ishi shinkō Stone cults in Japan that may be seen as falling into three general categories: (1) what may be called "stone deification" (shintai); (2) belief in a "rock abode" (iwakura) to which the deity descend
7 Kōshin shinkō A day on which the 7th "stem" () in the Chinese zodiacal system combines with the 9th "branch" (shin 'monkey') is known as kōshin, when believers spend an abstemious, all-night vigil for the sake of
8 Myōken shinkō Worship of the bodhisattva Myōken, who is the deification of the North Star and Ursa Major (the Big Dipper). The bodhisattva Myōken is also referred to as Myōken Daishi, Sonshōō, and the bodhisattva H
9 Ryūjin shinkō Ryūjin ("dragon kami") faith is a form of religious thought and practice associated with dragons, a mythical sacred animal of ancient China. Although Japanese ryūjin worship was influenced by China, t
10 Senzo saishi The celebration of family forebears. Typically centers on one's parents and the generations preceding them, but there are also observances of honor and gratitude for a founding ancestor. Special vener
11 Tendō shinkō Religious thought and practice focused on the deity Hinokami (see Amaterasu) and Hinokami's child, Tendō Hōshi, transmitted within the folk traditions of the Tsushima Islands (a five-island archipelag
12 Tsukimono A spirit which attaches itself to a human being, usually an evil spirit that causes disasters. The attachment of a tsukimono to a person is a form of possession. However, it is not a spontaneous and i