國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • 6. Belief and Practice
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  • Shrines and Cultic Practices

Title Text
1 Akiha Shinkō Akiha shinkō originated at the shrine Akihasan Hongū Akiha Jinja in Shūchigun, Shizuoka Prefecture and is known as a fire protection cult. It is thought that Shugendō practitioners were already spread
2 Atago Shinkō This is the cult that originated at the shrine Atago Jinja on the peak of Atago Mountain in Kyōto. Ascetic practitioners have been using the mountain since ancient times. During the Heian Period Atago
3 Atsuta Shinkō The cult of the shrine Atsuta Jingū and its approximately 2000 "emanation shrines" (bunsha) spread widely throughout the country, but worshippers are especially numerous in the Tōkai region. The tradi
4 Awashima Shinkō Devotion to the Awashima kami based on beliefs about the kami's efficacy in curing female ailments, helping to conceive children, and ensuring safe childbirth. Kada Jinja, the head shrine among the Aw
5 Fuji/Sengen Shinkō The cult of Mount Fuji/Mount Sengen. The old reading of the characters 浅間 is asama. (they can also be read sengen). One theory as to why Mount Fuji was called Asama is based on the fact that the words
6 Gion/Tsushima Shinkō This faith takes Gozutennō and Susanoo as "enshrined deities" (saijin). The kami Gozutennō is a conflation of the Indian guardian deity of Gion Shōja (Jetavanavihāra monasteries) and Chinese Onmyōdō,
7 Hachiman Shinkō The faith of Hachiman began at Usa Hachimangū and the location of this shrine and five other Hachiman shrines (gosho betsugū) in the Kyūshū area (the five shrines are Chikuzen's Daibu Hachiman, Hizen'
8 Hakusan Shinkō Hakusan is the collective name given to the three mountains Gozenpō, Ōnanjimine, and Bessan located at the intersection of the regions Kaga, Echizen, and Mino. Hakusan shinkō is the faith based on the
9 Inari Shinkō The cult connected to the kami Inari and Inari's retinue. In addition to its relationship to food or agriculture, Inari faith takes a variety of other forms including "estate kami" (yashikigami) and o
10 Ise Shinkō Because Amaterasu ōmikami, the principal kami (saijin) at Ise Jingū, is considered an ancestral kami of the imperial house, Ise Shrine is the location of imperial devotion. Moreover, since ancient tim
11 Itsukushima Shinkō Due to belief in the "Three Female Kami" (sanjoshin) of Munakata at Itsukushima Jinja, the Itsukushima kami was worshipped as a protector of fishermen and boats. Itsukushima is also known as a "milita
12 Izumo Shinkō Izumo Shinkō is the faith centered around the shrine Izumo Taisha in Taishamachi, Shimane Prefecture. The "enshrined kami" (saijin) Ōkuninushi has many variant names or titles modifying those names, a
13 Kashima Shinkō It is possible to think of Kashima faith as the sect based at Kashima Jingū in Kashima-machi, Ibaraki Prefecture, but it can broadly be divided into beliefs related to water, "tutelary of roads" (sae no kami
14 Kasuga Shinkō Kasuga cult. Kasuga Shrine (Kasuga Taisha) is a shrine located in the foothills of Mt. Mikasa that venerates the divided spirits (kanjō) of the kami worshipped at Kashima, Katori, and Hiraoka shrines
15 Konpira Shinkō This is the faith concerning the shrine Konpira Jinja. As well as being a guardian kami of seafarers and fishermen, Konpira is believed to be a "thunder kami" (raijin), a water kami (suijin), an agric
16 Kumano Shinkō The cult that worships Kishū's "Three Mountains of Kumano" (Kumano sanzan): Hongū, Shingū, and Nachi. The Nihonshoki relates that Izanagi is buried at Hana no iwaya in Kumano's Arima Village, indicati
17 Momodayū/Shiradayū Shinkō Momodayū is also called Hyakudayū. The name Momodayū appears as the kami worshipped by courtesans (yūjo) of Eguchi and Kanzaki in Ōe no Masafusa's Yujoki, and Masafusa also wrote in his Kairaishiki th
18 Munakata Shinkō The faith related to Munakata Jinja, The faith has elements of guarding the nation and protecting the imperial house, as well as safety at sea and ensuring fishermen a bountiful catch. Munakata can al
19 Sannō Shinkō The cult that began at Hiyoshi Taisha (Hiesha) at the foot of Mount Hiei. Originally, Sannō was the "mountain kami" (yama no kami) of Mount Hiei, but came to be worshipped as the protective kami of th
20 Sumiyoshi Shinkō The faith related to the shrine Sumiyoshi Jinja, which includes guardianship over safe sea travel, waka poetry, agriculture, and fishing. The Nihonshoki records that "Sokodsutsunoo no mikoto, Nakadsut