國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • 6. Belief and Practice

Title Text
1 Bokusen A method of divination for determining the divine will or foretelling the outcome of an event. Today, bokusen most often signifies divination in general which comprises an extremely complex variety of
2 Daisen Shinkō Beliefs and practices associated with Daisen, a mountain located in the western part of Tottori Prefecture, also known as Hōki Fuji. It consists of a number of peaks, including Misen, Tengugamine and
3 Dewasanzan Shinkō Beliefs and practices associated with three mountains of Dewa (in present-day Yamagata Prefecture): Haguro (419 m.), Gassan (1980 m.) and Yudono (1504 m.). This grouping became fixed sometime between
4 Ebisu shinkō This refers to the cult of Ebisu, a kami of fortune, believed to watch over livelihoods and to bring luck. Since medieval times, Ebisu has been one of the seven gods of good fortune (shichifukujin) an
5 Fugeki A religious figure that receives the power of a divine spirit and communicates its will (takusen; see Kamigakari Takusen) or summons the spirit of a deceased person who speaks through him or her. A fugeki
6 Fuji shinkō Beliefs and practices associated with Mt Fuji, Japan's highest mountain (3776 m.), situated on the border of Shizuoka and Yamanashi Prefectures. Long worshipped as a sacred mountain, it is mentioned i
7 Fukujin shinkō Cultic worship of "deities of good fortune" or "good-luck deities" (fukujin), namely those that respond to human prayers for happiness. It should be noted that the term fukujin is not a proper noun, b
8 Gongen shinkō Belief in the incarnation of a Buddha or bodhisattva for the sake of bringing salvation to all sentient beings. Terms having the same meaning include gonge and kegen. There also arose the idea, as see
9 Goryō shinkō The belief that spiritual beings intimidate society at large with calamity and pestilence and must therefore be appeased in order to restore tranquility and, in turn, to bring about prosperity. To pla
10 Gyō Gyō is a category of religious practices that can be found in every religion and can be broadly grouped into spiritual practices and physical practices. Though influenced by the religious practices of
11 Hakushu "Hand clapping," which forms part of proper etiquette for worshipping a deity. Because both hands are first spread open to each side, it is also called "hand opening" (hirade) or "oak hands" (kashiwade
12 Hayarigami Shinkō The faddish worship of kami and buddhas that experience ephemeral popularity based on claims that they provide some concrete benefit or power. The term is sometimes written with characters meaning "mo
13 Hikosan shinkō Beliefs and practices associated with Mt Hiko, in the southern part of Fukuoka Prefecture, Kyushu. Hiko is made up of three peaks: Minamidake, Nakadake, and Kitadake, the highest of which is Minamidak
14 Hōnō The dedication of a votive object or the presentation of a performance with the aim of entreating Shinto and Buddhist deities through prayer or of expressing feelings such as gratitude to them. Togeth
15 Introduction: Belief and Practice This portion will address various faiths that had shrines at their center but were broadly disseminated. This will include explanations of mountain beliefs that developed from the medieval to early mo
16 Ishi shinkō Stone cults in Japan that may be seen as falling into three general categories: (1) what may be called "stone deification" (shintai); (2) belief in a "rock abode" (iwakura) to which the deity descend
17 Ishizuchi Shinkō Beliefs and practices related to Mt Ishizuchi (1982 m.) in Ehime Prefecture, Shikoku. Nihon ryōiki (ca 823) by Keikai, speaks of a practitioner called Jakusen who trained there, while Montoku jitsuroku
18 Jinin After the end of the ancient period, and mainly in the case of medieval shrines, this term referred to a member of the kannushi's or gūji (chief priest)'s shrine workers. This was the name for the att
19 Junrei, junpai According to idiomatic use, the terms junrei and junpai both refer to a form of "circuit pilgrimage" in which multiple shrines, temples or other religious centers are visited on a single occasion or a
20 Kaichō Lit., "opening the curtain," the temporary special exhibition of images of kami and buddhas, or other shrine and temple treasures that are normally kept hidden. The practice of kaichō can be found as