國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • カテゴリー1:
  • 5. Rites and Festivals
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  • カテゴリー2:
  • Rituals in Daily Life

Title Text
1 Chōyō "The Chrysanthemum Festival." Held on the ninth day of the ninth month (September 9), this was another of the five seasonal feasts (gosekku) recognized and established by the Tokugawa bakufu. It is a
2 Ehō The most auspicious geomantic direction for the given year; the geomantic direction inhabited by Toshitokushin (also ehōgami; in either case, the kami that heralds the New Year) for that year. It may
3 En'nichi This word is used at both Buddhist temples and Shintō shrines. In Shintō, it refers to a day that holds special meaning for a particular shrine such as its founding day, the day the Shrine's "enshrin
4 Hana matsuri "Flower Festival." In Buddhism the kanbutsue festival held on the eighth day of the fourth month of the old lunar calendar to celebrate the anniversary of Buddha's birthday is sometimes also called hana matsuri
5 Hatsumiyamōde "First shrine visit," this term refers to the first pilgrimage to the tutelary deity (ujigami) after the birth of a child. It is also more simply called miyamairi. It may also be referred to as hiake
6 Hatsumōde A visit to a shrine or a temple (sankei) at the beginning of a new year. In a narrow sense it refers to the visit on New Year's Day. Today it is very often the case that people will visit shrines or
7 Hatsuuma "First Horse Day Festival." This term refers to an event that is held in February on the first day of the horse. The custom of worshipping Inari (the harvest deity) is found all over Japan, and hatsuuma
8 Jichinsai "Ground-purification rites." Also read tokoshizume no matsuri. This ritual is performed at the commencement of civil engineering or architectural projects to pray that work proceeds safely and smooth
9 Jinjitsu A seasonal festival held on the seventh day of the New Year or the seventh of January. One of the "five seasonal festival holidays" established by the Edo bakufu. Because people celebrate by making a
10 Joyasai An event held at a shrine during the night on December 31st, New Year's Eve (ōmisoka). Also called the toshikoshi matsuri (lit., "crossing the years festival"). Joya refers to the "night" of "jonichi
11 Jōshi Seasonal festival that takes place on the third day of the third month; also called genshi and jōmi. One of five seasonal celebrations (gosekku) established as holidays by the Tokugawa bakufu. This c
12 Jōtōsai An architectural ritual also called 'mune'age' (roof-raising). This ritual is performed during construction of a new building to pray that there will be no problems with the structure during or after
13 Kanreki One's "sixtieth" birthday, or alternately one's "sixty first" calendar year (traditionally in Japan, when a person was born they were said to be "one," and at every New Year's Day thereafter turn a "
14 Kaza-matsuri A village communal invocation event conducted around the two-hundred and tenth day of the year, or around "hatsusaku" (first day of the eighth month by the old calendar), to ward off damaging winds.
15 Nagoshi no harae Also called nagoshi, minatsuki barae, or aranigo no harae, this refers to the "great purification" (ōharae) performed on the last day of the sixth month of the lunar calendar. A great purification wa
16 Nenjū gyōji "Annual events," a general term for the communal events that are held by people at the same time every year. Many of these observances have religious elements and even today not a few of them have a
17 Nijūshi sekki "The twenty-four seasonal divides." Established to mark precise turning points within the annual seasonal cycle, the nijūshi sekki comprise a calendar divided into twenty-four points beginning with risshun
18 Reisai, nensai One of the events performed in Shintō for the ancestral spirits (soreisai). This event is held a fixed number of years after the funeral to remember the spirit of the deceased and is equivalent to th
19 Sagichō A fire festival event usually held around the fifteenth of January. It can be found throughout most of the country, but is referred to by such names as tondo, dondonyaki, saitōyaki, bokkengyō, and sankurōyaki
20 Setsubun "Seasonal Division." Originally, the term referred to each of the days prior to the first days of spring, summer, autumn, and winter. Nowadays, however, only the day before the one that marks the sta