國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • カテゴリー1:
  • 5. Rites and Festivals
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  • Performing Arts

Title Text
1 Bakuchi Gambling, or also games in which one wagers money or property and then competes over the outcome. The term can also refer to a gambler or someone who gambles for a living (bakuchiuchi). When written
2 Bugaku Refers to the dance performed with gagaku accompaniment. Originally, it was thought that song and dance functioned not only to entertain humans, but also by being performed before the gods (kami) cou
3 Busha matsuri A sacred archery ritual performed mainly around the New Year. It can be written with the characters 歩射 or 奉射, and has many variant pronunciations including bisha and hōsha. Performed widely at shrine
4 Furyū Refers to beautiful and highly decorated structures (tsukurimono) and floats (nerimono) used in festivals, and also to the dances and music (hayashi) presented by costumed performers at festivals. Th
5 Gagaku Gagaku is said to be the exemplary musical form that was transmitted to Japan from the Asian mainland in ancient times. In ancient times it formed one branch of Japanese music, but as time passed mus
6 Kagura A ritual performance made as an offering to the kami. Most are performed only once a year or once every few years. The kami are invited (see kanjō) to occupy the sacred area and worshiped with perfor
7 Kisoi-bune A traditional event in which participants compete (kisoi) by rowing boats (fune). There are records that refer to Nagasaki peiron (Chinese-style dragon boat canoes) as kisoibune, but normally one wri
8 Kurabe-uma Horse racing. Also called kioiuma, komakurabe or keiba. Held as court events from ancient times, but with the Heian period (794-1191) they took on new characteristics such as a display of martial ski
9 Sagi-odori "Heron dance." This folk ritual performance is a type of furyū dance also known as sagimai. Sagi-odori originated from dances performed to musical accompaniment at Kyoto's Giongoryōe observances, whi
10 Sarugaku, Dengaku Sarugaku was the term used for the performing art of until the Edo period (1600-1867). It is also used to refer to the older sarugaku before its development into the classic . The origin of sarugaku
11 Shibai A popular term for "theater" (engeki). Originally the term referred to sacred grounds covered in lawn (shibafu) found within the precincts of temple or shrine. From the Edo period (1600-1867) onward
12 Shin-nō Divine theatre. A type of kagura dance. Part of the repertoire of the Izumo line of kagura, found in the classical Chūgoku region provinces of Izumo, Iwami, Bitchū, Bingo, and so forth (that is, th
13 Shishi-mai Lion dance. Also called shishiodori. A dance in which the performer wears decorative headgear made to resemble a lion's head (shishigashira). "Shishi" is a term that can also refer to wild animals in
14 Shishi-odori Deer dance. A folk ritual performance in which the dancers wear decorative deer heads with antlers. Thought to be a variation of the one-man shishimai (lion dance, also referred to as shishi-odori bu
15 Sumō Also written with the characters 角力 and in ancient times called sumai. In China, there existed from before the Former Han dynasty (202 B.C.E.–8 C.E.) a kind of wrestling resembling sumō called kakuteigi
16 Taiko odori A folk dance of the furyū odori type. It is a group dance, in which the dancers hang a drum (a taiko or a kakko) from their chests or around their waists and carry banners (nobori) and a large altar
17 Torimono A prop dancers carry in their hands in sacred performances such as kagura. It is also written with the characters 執物 or 取物. The word may also refer to the prop a dancer holds when performing a dance
18 Yabusame A type of mounted archery in which the rider shoots arrows with a turnip-shaped head at a target from atop a galloping horse. One theory holds that the name is a contraction of yabaseuma (literally,