國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • カテゴリー1:
  • 5. Rites and Festivals
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  • State Rites

Title Text
1 Ainame-sai Also called Ainie no matsuri or Ainbe no matsuri. In ancient times, this festival was held at select shrines several days prior to the niinamesai festival to celebrate the new harvest. The first
2 Chinka-sai (hana shizume matsuri) "Festival for appeasing the spirits of the blossoms". Also called "hana shizume matsuri." One of the rites specified in Jingiryō. In ancient times, the Department of Divinities would make offerings t
3 Chinka-sai (hi/ho shizume no matsuri) "Festival for appeasing the fire deity" Also called "hi/ho shizume no matsuri." Recorded in the Jingiryō as one of the so-called rituals of the Ritsuryō Shinto system. Ryō no gige mentions the festiv
4 Chinkon-sai "Festival for the pacification of the spirit". A ritual of the ancient and medieval eras. Also called "mitama furi," "mitama shizume," "ō-mitama furi," "tama shizume no matsuri." According to the Com
5 Chōga "New Year greetings to the emperor." In ancient times these characters were read "mikado ogami." In ancient Japan, it was a state ceremony carried out at the Daigoku Hall with the participation of th
6 Daijōsai A ceremony of state accompanying a new emperor's accession to the throne, the Daijō sai has been considered since ancient times one of the most important among the various rites associated with acces
7 Fūjin sai "Festival of the wind deities." A festival of the ancient and medieval eras. Also called Tatsuta Wind Deities Festival. Often referred to collectively, together with the Hirose Ōimi Festival (Ōimi sai
8 Hanpei "Distribution of ritual offerings." In the ancient era, the distribution of offerings by the Department of Divinities (Jingikan) to officially designated shrines, where they were dedicated to the ens
9 Kanmisosai A major rite of the Ise Shrines, performed only at Kōtaijingū and Aramatsuri no Miya, during which either garments (mi-so) of light weave (nigitae) or of heavy weave (aratae) are offered to the kami
10 Kannamesai A rite at the Grand Shrines of Ise celebrating the divine ancestry of the imperial lineage by offering the "first rice ears" hatsuho of the autumn harvest to Amaterasu Ōmikami on the seventeenth day
11 Kigensetsu A holiday and ritual observed from the beginning of Meiji until just after the end of World War II to commemorate the founding of the nation through Emperor Jinmu's legendary ascension to the throne.
12 Kinensai A regular observance of the Ritsuryō state, also called toshigoi no matsuri. It ranks alongside the Tsukinamisai (in the sixth and twelfth months) and the Niinamesai (in the eleventh month) as one of
13 Meiji setsu "Meiji Emperor Observance." From the beginning of the Showa era to just after the end of World War II, Meijisetsu was a national holidaycelebrated on the Meiji emperor's birthday to commemorate his v
14 Michiae no matsuri "Festival of the Road Gods". A ceremony performed in the ancient period, as stipulated by the Divinities Prescriptions (Jingiryō). Intended to prevent evil spirits such as demons and epidemic gods (ekishin
15 Niiname sai Literally, "First Taste Celebration," niiname sai refers to the set of harvest festivals in November carried out at the imperial palace and at shrines throughout the country. Complements the Kinen sai
16 Saigusa no matsuri A rite conducted in ancient times during the fourth month at the Isagawa Shrine, a subshrine of the Ōmiwa Jinja. A rite of the Ritsuryō ritual system, which appears in the Jingiryō. The name is said
17 Shidaisetsu A comprehensive term for the four main national holidays of the prewar period: New Years, Kigensetsu, Tenchōsetsu, and Meijisetsu, After the Meiji restoration observances such as shihōhai, chōga, shi
18 Shinnen enkai The official "New Year's Banquet" held at the Imperial Palace on January 5 before World War II, and to which the emperor invited the imperial family, high-level government officials, ambassadors, and
19 Sokui Enthronement ceremony. One of several ceremonies accompanying a new emperor's accession to the throne. Originally the characters for "sokui" were read "ama-tsu-hi-tsugi shiroshimesu," and referred to
20 Tenchō setsu "Celebration of the longevity of heaven". The old term designating the emperor's birthday, deriving from a similar observance in Tang China. It was a religious holiday from the early Meiji period to