國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • 5. Rites and Festivals
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  • Types of Rituals

Title Text
1 Chōtei saishi (Imperial Court Rituals) Imperial Court Rituals (chōtei saishi) refer to official government rituals in which the emperor and the nobility participated. The rituals prescribed by the Ritsuryō Code of the ancient period and th
2 Dōzoku Saishi (Kinship Group-Based Religious Observances) Communal worship performed by members of a dōzoku. The term dōzoku denotes a social grouping which, based on a genealogically determined hierarchy, is formed by a main lineage and a number of branch f
3 Kodai saishi (Ancient Rituals) "Ancient rituals" can be divided broadly into those religious rituals that involve natural objects such as mountains and streams, rocks, and trees and rituals related to burial services. Gradually, wi
4 Kōrei saishi A group of rites of ancestor worship directed at the spirits of former emperors and members of the imperial family. The rites that form part of the kōrei saishi are performed by the imperial family at
5 Meiji Kokka Saishi: State Rites of the Meiji Period This system of state rites followed the tradition of state rituals as practiced in the era of the ritsuryō legal code of the seventh to ninth centuries and the imperial court polity of the tenth to tw
6 Saijitsu Shrine observances can be largely divided into annual rituals that are performed at the same time each year, rituals that are performed at certain intervals such as the 20th year or the 12th year, as
7 Saikai The term sai refers to a state that transcends the ordinary. The term kai refers to the taboos (kinki) and regulations that have to be kept in relation to sai, as well as the state in which these tabo
8 Saishi shūzoku Traditions, practices, and customs related to festivals and the rituals that form part of them. Rituals and festivals take many forms depending on time, place and the people performing it. Although th
9 Saishi yōgo Japanese "observances" (matsuri) can be broadly divided into two types, annual observances (nenchū gyōji) and rites of passage (tsūka girei). The term annual observances refers to a system in which a
10 Shuku-sai-jitsu This term refers to the holidays (shukujitsu) and days of observances (saijitsu) fixed by the Japanese state. In the prewar period, there were both shukujitsu and saijitsu, but in the postwar period
11 Sonraku-saishi Village rituals (sonraku saishi) are observances performed in spatially limited, fixed settlements (mura – commonly translated in English as "village"). This represents one attempt to define these rit