國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • Ritual Implements and Vestments

Title Text
1 An A table-like platform used during rites and ceremonies to hold heihaku, shinsen, tamagushi, and other ritual implements. An may also be called heihakuan, shinsen an, and tamagushi an to differentiate
2 Chinowa Also called suganuki, a large ring made of cogon grass (chigaya) and erected on the pathway leading to a shrine on the days of purification (harae) of the last day of the sixth or seventh month (call
3 Daikaku Also called mokurokudai, a type of oshiki tray with feet used for presenting offerings (heihaku or shinsen) that is about eight sun (about 24 centimeters) square. According to the rules for ritual pr
4 Dashi A float decorated with variously shaped objects (spears, mountains, people, flowers, etc.), and carried or drawn on wheels to the accompaniment of festive music (hayashi). The name dashi is said to h
5 Eboshi One type of headdress worn by Shinto priests (shinshoku) during ritual ceremonies. Originally a headdress worn to indicate a man who had celebrated his "coming of age" ceremony (genpuku), the eboshi
6 Entō Also read shioyu, entō is liquid made by dissolving rock salt in water. It is used in the preparatory purifications (shubatsu) preceding ritual worship. Salt water is considered an indispensable elem
7 Gohei A kind of ritual wand, one type of heihaku, also called heisoku. Gohei were originally identical to cloth offerings called mitegura, but the term gradually came to be used in its present, narrower se
8 Hizatsuki A type of mat used when kneeling in shrine worship. Also written 膝著 and 膝突. Originally used as a mat for kneeling in an outdoor courtyard during official court functions, the hizatsuki was later adop
9 Katashiro An object used as a substitute for a spirit in rites of worship. The term also refers to objects representing human figures (hitogata or nademono) used in rites of purification (misogi or harae) in p
10 Komo Also called aragomo or makomo. A fabric mat woven from the husks of wild rice (makomo) and used in ritual, normally as a mat under an offering table (shinsen an) or tamagushi table (tamagushi an). Su
11 Nigite Also called nigitahe, one type of heihaku, or white cloth or unwoven threads of flax (asa), paper mulberry (), or silk offered to the kami. According to the divine age chapters of Kojiki, when Ama
12 Oshiki Originally a square serving tray used to hold food, the oshiki is made of thin pieces of wood such as Japanese cypress (hinoki) and is used in the presentation of ritual offerings (shinsen or heihaku
13 Sakaki Cleyera japonica, an evergreen tree whose branches are used in Shinto ritual, for example, as offering wands (tamagushi) presented before a kami. When presented as tamagushi, paper streamers (shide)
14 Sanbō A platform tray used in ritual to hold offerings (shinsen). Originally used for making offerings to high nobility or to one's lord, the sanbō is composed of a simple wooden tray (oshiki) on a four-si
15 Seisō, Reisō, Jōsō Three grades of clerical vestments. Today, the formal seisō is worn at "large-scale festivals" (taisai); the ritual reisō is worn at "medium-scale festivals" (chūsai), and the jōsō is worn at "small-
16 Shaku A ritual baton or scepter. While normally read "kotsu," the character 笏is read in Shinto as "shaku" due to a desire to avoid associations with the character "kotsu" meaning "bone." The shaku was orig
17 Shide One type of heihaku, formed by attaching flowing strips of paper or cloth (particularly , rough cloth made from the bast fibers of paper mulberry) to a sprig of sakaki, a staff, or a sacred border
18 Shimenawa A straw rope hung before or around a site to demarcate sacred or pure space, such as in front of the inner sanctuary of a shrine, at the entrance to the shrine precinct, or at the ritual site. Numero
19 Shin'yo Also read "mikoshi," and commonly called "omikoshi," the shin'yo is a palanquin or portable shrine used to carry the spirit of a kami in formal processions from its permanent location to a temporary
20 Shinshoku no shōzoku Vestments worn by Shinto priests (shinshoku), specifically, attire worn on ceremonial or ritual occasions. In the ancient period, formal clothing styles called raifuku and chōfuku were imported from