國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • Objects of Worship and Shrine Treasures

Title Text
1 Emaki A kind of scroll composed of an illustrated narrative that unfolds as the scroll is unrolled. The origins of emaki are unknown, but they were produced as early as the late Heian period, and they assu
2 Jingū taima Shrine amulets distributed throughout Japan by the Grand Shrines of Ise on an annual basis. The work of the priests called oshi in spreading the cult of the Grand Shrines nationwide began from the en
3 Kagami Also written 鑑. Mirror. A device that reflects an image using the reflective properties of its surface. Mirrors may be made of copper, silver, iron, jewels, or glass, and can be found in many differe
4 Kamidana A household Shinto altar, a facility for the conduct of family rites at home, in which amulets of the kami, an "apportioned spirit" (bunrei) of the kami, and similar items may be enshrined. The place
5 Mandara Transliteration of the Sanskrit mandala, objects originally of Buddhist origin created to express fundamental doctrines or ideas. Mandala in the form of pictures were used at Buddhist ritual sites, p
6 Mitamaya A place or installation for enshrining the spirits of ancestors or noble persons; also called otamaya or reibyō. Ancient domestic rites were observed with the kinensai in the fourth or second month a
7 Shichishitō A sword passed down as a divine treasure (shinpō) in the treasury of Isonokami Jingū. Originally housed in the shrine and treated as an object of worship, the sword was displayed in the shrine's sacr
8 Shinboku, Shinju Literally, "divine tree." A tree regarded as sacred, as the symbol of sacred territory or a place in which the kami dwell. As such, the cutting or polluting of such trees is avoided. In some cases, h
9 Shinpō Also read kamudakara, a general name for shrine treasures, but also referring more specifically to objects found in a shrine's inner sanctum and intimately related to the enshrined kami (saijin), or
10 Shinsatsu, Mamorifuda Shinsatsu are a type of thaumaturgic talisman (also known as gofu) distributed at shrines and symbolic of a spiritual being or its supranormal power. Shinsatsu may be made of wood, paper, or metal an
11 Shintai A physical object serving as an object of worship at shrines, and in which the spirit of the kami is believed to reside. Those used in Shrine Shinto (Jinja Shintō) are frequently called mitamashiro.
12 Shinza The place within a shrine where symbols of the kami (mitamashiro; see also shintai) are enshrined. In Shrine Shinto, a building is constructed as a place to worship the kami. Within that building a shinza
13 Shinzō Wooden images of kami carved from the end of the Nara period under the influence of Buddhist culture and in imitation of Buddhist sculpture. The trend toward the identification of Buddhas with indige
14 Statistics for the Distribution of Amulets from the Grand Shrines of Ise The annual number and distribution rate of Jingu Taima (Ise amulet) peaked in 1943. Although both figures plummeted immediately after World War II, the number of amulets distributed annually saw a gr
15 Tokusanokamudakara Also read jusshu jinpō. According to the "Original Record of the Heavenly Grandchild" (Tenson hongi) in Sendai kuji hongi, these are the "ten kinds of heavenly-emblem sacred treasures" (amatsushirushi mizutakara tokusa
16 Yorishiro The place (or object or person) inhabited by a kami's spirit when it descends for a religious ceremony or when possessing a person. Yorishiro may take the form of natural objects such as trees or roc