國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • 4. Jinja (Shrines)
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  • Shrine Architecture

Title Text
1 Aidono A structure enshrining multiple kami in addition to the principal object of worship (shushin). In some cases, the term aidono is used even when all jointly enshrined kami are considered principal obje
2 Beppyō jinja Literally, "shrines on the exceptional list." A classification given to certain shrines by the Association of Shinto Shrines (Jinja Honchō) in consideration of the shrine's pedigree or activities. In
3 Betsugū Literally, "detached shrine" or "separate shrine." An auxiliary shrine existing in relation to a central or main shrine (honsha, hongū ). Also called bessha. In practice, a detached shrine and its ma
4 Chokusaisha A shrine where an imperial envoy (chokushi) comes to perform rituals; officially known as a chokushi sankō no jinja ("shrine attended by imperial envoy"). Shrines designated as chokusai have existed
5 Edayashiro Literally, "branch shrine," a term used to describe a smaller auxiliary shrine located on the precincts of a larger shrine. Also called an edamiya, a shrine whose object of worship, in turn, is refer
6 Gokoku jinja "Shrines for the protection of the nation," shrines dedicated to the spirits of individuals who died in Japanese wars from the end of the early modern period through World War II. Throughout most of
7 Haiden The haiden is the building provided for the performance of ceremonies and for worshipping the shrine's kami. Normally located in the foreground of the shrine's sanctuary (honden), the haiden is usual
8 Heiden A shrine structure built to hold sacred offerings or heihaku, but most commonly constructed as a link between a shrine's sanctuary (honden) and hall of worship (haiden). In the architectural style ca
9 Himorogi Originating in ancient times, himorogi refers to a temporarily erected sacred space or "altar" used as a locus of worship. Today, himorogi are represented by the demarcation of a physical area with b
10 Hokora Also written 叢祠, 秀倉, 禿倉, 宝倉, 穂椋. A small shrine dedicated to a minor kami. The term may also be read hokura. Originally, the term referred to a storeroom (kura) raised on stilts for the storage of sh
11 Honden Also called seiden. The "sanctuary," or central structure of a shrine that houses the seat (shinza) of the deity worshipped there (saijin). The honden is considered the most sacred space within the s
12 Iwakura A formation of rocks considered to be sacred to which a kami is invited to descend for worship. Together with ishigami (stone-kami) and iwasaka, such forms of worship represent a type of rock-worship
13 Iwasaka A stone altar or cairn erected in ancient times for the purpose of invoking the kami during worship. According to an "alternative tradition" describing the episode of the "Descent of the Heavenly Gra
14 Kaguraden A pavilion or stage used for the offering of sacred dance (kagura). Also called maidono. Permanent structures for the performance of ritual dance appeared from the late Heian period and spread widely
15 Kannabi The place where a kami resides, especially a sacred forest or mountain. The word appears to originate from a term meaning "divine seclusion," and is considered a synonym for the word mimoro, an ancie
16 Karidono Also called kariden. A "provisional hall" used to temporarily house the divine emblem (shintai), as opposed to the main sanctuary (honden). Such provisional structures are necessary when rebuilding o
17 Katsuogi, Chigi Two characteristic features of shrine architecture, katsuogi refer to log-like sections laid horizontally along and perpendicular to, the ridge line of the structure, while chigi refer to poles that
18 Kenmusha "Jointly administered shrine." A shrine lacking its own parish priest that is served by a priest belonging to another shrine. This system is an inevitable result of the fact that the number of Shinto
19 Kinsokuchi "Tabooed land," a type of sacred space. Normally found within a shrine's precincts (keidaichi) or related lands, humans are not permitted to enter tabooed land since it is believed that a divine spir
20 Komainu Literally, "Korean lions," paired figures of lion tutelaries found at the entryway to shrine buildings, or alongside their torii or approachways. Also written 高麗犬 or 胡麻犬. Most are made of stone, alth