國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • 4. Jinja (Shrines)

Title Text
1 Aidono A structure enshrining multiple kami in addition to the principal object of worship (shushin). In some cases, the term aidono is used even when all jointly enshrined kami are considered principal obje
2 An A table-like platform used during rites and ceremonies to hold heihaku, shinsen, tamagushi, and other ritual implements. An may also be called heihakuan, shinsen an, and tamagushi an to differentiate
3 Beppyō jinja Literally, "shrines on the exceptional list." A classification given to certain shrines by the Association of Shinto Shrines (Jinja Honchō) in consideration of the shrine's pedigree or activities. In
4 Betsugū Literally, "detached shrine" or "separate shrine." An auxiliary shrine existing in relation to a central or main shrine (honsha, hongū ). Also called bessha. In practice, a detached shrine and its ma
5 Chinowa Also called suganuki, a large ring made of cogon grass (chigaya) and erected on the pathway leading to a shrine on the days of purification (harae) of the last day of the sixth or seventh month (call
6 Chokusaisha A shrine where an imperial envoy (chokushi) comes to perform rituals; officially known as a chokushi sankō no jinja ("shrine attended by imperial envoy"). Shrines designated as chokusai have existed
7 Daikaku Also called mokurokudai, a type of oshiki tray with feet used for presenting offerings (heihaku or shinsen) that is about eight sun (about 24 centimeters) square. According to the rules for ritual pr
8 Dashi A float decorated with variously shaped objects (spears, mountains, people, flowers, etc.), and carried or drawn on wheels to the accompaniment of festive music (hayashi). The name dashi is said to h
9 Eboshi One type of headdress worn by Shinto priests (shinshoku) during ritual ceremonies. Originally a headdress worn to indicate a man who had celebrated his "coming of age" ceremony (genpuku), the eboshi
10 Edayashiro Literally, "branch shrine," a term used to describe a smaller auxiliary shrine located on the precincts of a larger shrine. Also called an edamiya, a shrine whose object of worship, in turn, is refer
11 Ema Votive tablets bearing illustrations of horses or other scenes offered at shrines, temples, wayside shrines and chapels, as expressions of prayer and thanks. Types of ema range from large, framed pic
12 Emaki A kind of scroll composed of an illustrated narrative that unfolds as the scroll is unrolled. The origins of emaki are unknown, but they were produced as early as the late Heian period, and they assu
13 Engimono The term "engi" is the abbreviation of a longer term of Buddhist origin, innen shōki (Skt. pratītyasamutpāda, or "co-dependent origination"), but by extension it came to refer to narratives regarding
14 Entō Also read shioyu, entō is liquid made by dissolving rock salt in water. It is used in the preparatory purifications (shubatsu) preceding ritual worship. Salt water is considered an indispensable elem
15 Gohei A kind of ritual wand, one type of heihaku, also called heisoku. Gohei were originally identical to cloth offerings called mitegura, but the term gradually came to be used in its present, narrower se
16 Gokoku jinja "Shrines for the protection of the nation," shrines dedicated to the spirits of individuals who died in Japanese wars from the end of the early modern period through World War II. Throughout most of
17 Haiden The haiden is the building provided for the performance of ceremonies and for worshipping the shrine's kami. Normally located in the foreground of the shrine's sanctuary (honden), the haiden is usual
18 Hamaya Literally, "demon-breaking arrow." A decorative arrow sold at shrines at New Year's to ward off misfortune and attract good luck. Hamaya are popular among New Year's visitors to shrines as one type o
19 Hatsuho Literally, "first rice ears 初穂." Namely, rice offered to kami as the "first fruits" of the autumn harvest. Also found written 早穂 and 先穂. Originally hatsuho referred to ears of plucked (cut) rice, tie
20 Heiden A shrine structure built to hold sacred offerings or heihaku, but most commonly constructed as a link between a shrine's sanctuary (honden) and hall of worship (haiden). In the architectural style ca