國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • The Emperor

Title Text
1 Chokusai A ritual performed by order of the emperor and for which a special envoy (chokushi) is sent to a shrine to read a prayer (saimon) before the deity and present heihaku offerings. The term chokusai can
2 Chokushi A messenger who delivered imperial commands. Messengers who were dispatched to shrines on the occasion of either an ordinary or an extraordinary rite were generally called tsukai (messengers), saishi
3 Hasshinden The Hall of Eight Deities. Under the ritsuyō system, this hall was located in the western hall of the Jingikan (Department of Divinities) and it enshrined the eight tutelary deities of the emperor. A
4 Hōbei Offerings of heihaku made to shrines and imperial tombs by order of the emperor. The term also refers to an envoy who bore these offerings, (alternatively called the hōbeishi). The characters can als
5 Hōbeishi The general name for envoys who carry offerings (heihaku) to royal mausolea and kami at the command of the emperor. There are various types of envoy including the general category of hōbeishi, reihei
6 Kunaichō A bureaucratic agency established in 1949 as an external agency under the aegis of the Prime Minister's cabinet. The Agency, as stipulated by Article 7 of the Japanese Constitution, is responsible fo
7 Kunaishō Originally, the Kunaishō, which was in charge of all court affairs, was one of the eight agencies established under the ritsuryō system. With the dissolution of the ritsuryō system, however, the mini
8 Kyūchū sanden Kyūchū sanden (Inner Sanctuary) refers to the three Imperial Palace buildings located in the southeastern part of Fukiage Park (Fukiage Gyōen): the Kashikodokoro, the Kōreiden, and the Shinden. The K
9 Kōikeishō The imperial succession. Prior to the Taika era (645-650 CE) the process is unclear, but from the Ōjin era (270-310AD), agnatic succession (fraternal succession, not stem patrilineal succession) was
10 Kōshitsu Tenpan The code of the Imperial household. Although not originally made public, the Imperial House Code was implemented in 1889 and modified in 1907 and 1918. The original code was presented in 1884-5 as pa
11 Reiheishi An envoy who was sent from the imperial court to the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) to present offerings (hōbei) on the occasion of the Kannamesai. Also referred as Ise reiheishi. A reiheishi was o
12 Ryōbo Burial mounds and tombs of the imperial family. Current law distinguishes the ryō (mausolea) and the bo (tombs). The former denotes the burial place of an emperor, his consort, mother (empress dowage
13 Shikibushoku The Board of Ceremonies was created and attached to the Kunaishō (Imperial Household Ministry) in 1884, replacing the original Board of Ceremonies. The original Board was established in 1871 and was
14 Shōten Official responsible for imperial rituals performed at the kyūchū sanden. The post, which featured three positions of descending rank, was founded in 1871 as part of the Jingishō. Later, it was moved
15 Tennōsei, Tennōseido The origins of the tennō (Heavenly Sovereign or emperor) and the various systems associated therewith are largely unclear. However, there are ancient beliefs set out in Kikishinwa (the mythology expr
16 Yoshi no hōbeishi On the occasion of the sokui (imperial accession), the Daijōsai, and the emperor's genpuku (Coming-of-Age Ceremony) extraordinary hōbei (offerings) called Yoshino hōbei were sent to the Grand Shrines