國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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Title Text
1 Engishiki Procedures of the Engi Era. Engishiki is a compendium of rules and procedures for implementing ritsu (penal codes), ryō (administrative codes), and kyaku (supplementary laws). It comprised fifty scro
2 Jingi shizoku Hereditary priestly clans such as the Nakatomi, the Inbe, the Urabe and the Sarume who served the royal court from ancient times. Except for the Urabe, the members of these clans were all said to be
3 Jingiryō The Laws on Deities of the Taihō and Yōrō codes. No copy of the Taihō Code of 702 has survived, but in the reconstructed Yōrō Code (promulgated in 757), the twenty-article Jingiryō comprises Chapter
4 Jingūji Jingūji (shrine temples), also called jinganji or jingoji, were Buddhist temples associated with Shinto shrines. Jingūji were built according to the notion of the "amalgamation of Shintō and Buddhism
5 Kansha Official shrines acknowledged by the government in the classical period. The word kansha usually refers to the shrines that received offerings at the annual spring Ki'nensai, which was coordinated by
6 Kokushi genzaisha The shrines whose names appear in the Six Official Histories (ritsukokushi), namely Nihon shoki, Shoku nihongi, Nihon kōki, Shoku nihon kōki, Montoku jitsuroku, and Sandai jitsuroku, are the kokushi
7 Nonomiya Literally, the "Palace in the Fields," the Nonomiya was where the saiō, the abstinent princess, stayed for one year before she went to serve the Deity of Ise as the saigū. After the accession (sokui)
8 Ritsuryō Jingikan The Jingikan was the ritsuryō office in charge of the administration of kami worship. It was one of the ritsuryō government's two councils and eight ministries. The general responsibilities of the Ji
9 Saigū The saigū was an unmarried royal princess who served at the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū). She was also called the Ise no saiō, sainaishinnō, and itsuki no miya, terms that denote an abstinent or
10 Saiin The saiin was an unmarried royal princess who served at the Kamo Shrines in Kyoto. She was also called Kamo no saiō and itsuki no miya, both which denote a consecrated princess of Kamo. The term saiin
11 Shikinaisha Shrines listed in the Register of Deities (Jinmyōchō) of Engishiki (Procedures of the Engi Era), which was promulgated in 967. In the ancient period, the Jingikan (Council of State) compiled a list o
12 Shin'i, Shinkai Although the terms differ, both words denote ranks granted to deities by the royal court. Such ranks were given to individual deities rather than to shrines. There were three basic ranking systems: ci
13 § Policies and Institutions of the Classical Period The policies and institutions of Shintō were first established during the formation of the ritsuryō polity (a system of punitive and administrative legal codes based on the Tang Chinese model) in the