國學院大學
國學院大學デジタルミュージアム

Encyclopedia of Shinto

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  • 1. General Introduction

Title Text
1 1. Ancient Shinto (1) Because Shinto is regarded as a natural or ethnic religion, its origins cannot be clearly specified. Rather, it must be considered a religion that was nurtured over a long history. Kami worship (jingi saishi
2 1. Ancient Shinto (2) Kami Rites under the Ritsuryō System— With the establishment of the Ritsuryō system of legal codes from the latter half of the seventh century, Shinto ritual gradually became systematized. The two m
3 2. Medieval Shinto When compared with the ancient period, the history of Shinto in the medieval period underwent a variety of changes. It is possible to identify the origins of medieval Shinto thought and institutions
4 3. Shinto in the Early Modern Period (1) When considering the history of Shintō in Japan's early modern period, one needs to understand the stance the bakufu adopted toward shrines and the numerous new trends that produced. The Tokugawa bak
5 3. Shinto in the Early Modern Period (2) From Buddhistic Shintō to Confucian Shintō — One of the most conspicuous features of early modern Shintō is the shift from the prominence of Ryōbu Shintō, Sannō Shintō, and other related philosophie
6 4. Modern and Contemporary Shinto Two Transformations — Shintō experienced enormous changes entering the modern period. We can broadly sort out these changes into two categories. The first may be best understood as emerging from the
7 Introduction: The History of Shinto This section presents an outline of the history of Shinto from ancient times until the contemporary period, including an explanation of other religions and philosophies that have influenced Shinto, n
8 Shinto and Ancient Chinese Thought The Japanese Naturalization of Written Chinese — With the start and spread of rice cultivation, the Yayoi period (ca. 300 B.C.E.–300 C.E.) way of life brought with it changes of customs that had pr
9 Shinto and Buddhism The Introduction of Buddhism — According to Nihon shoki, the official introduction of Buddhism to the Japanese imperial court from Paekche (a kingdom in what is now Korea) occurred in 552 (the 13th
10 Shinto and Christianity Historically, Christianity can be broadly classified into Roman Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant traditions. Roman Catholicism was introduced to Japan during the mid-sixteenth century. In the beginn
11 Shinto and Confucianism Early Interaction between Kami Cults and Confucianism— It is very difficult to clearly determine the earliest contacts between Shintō and Confucianism, but a reference can already be found in Nihon shoki
12 Shinto and Onmyōdō While being based on the Chinese theory of yinyang-wuxing (Yin-Yang and the "five phases of matter"), Onmyōdō was a unique Japanese adaptation that established itself around the tenth century.  Under
13 Shinto and Shugendō Shugendō is one of Japan's folk religions, based on primitive mountain worship and formed under the influence of Buddhism, Daoism, Onmyōdō, and other religions. The name shugen is derived from the te
14 § The History of Shrines Jinja (shrine) is the comprehensive term for buildings and facilities constructed for the worship of kami. Shrines may also be called yashiro, miya, mori, and hokora.Shrine Composition Shrines may in